Fire Safety Engineering

Fire engineering performance character

Tecsa S.r.l. has been developing for many years fire safety analysis and investigation activities following accidents that have actually occurred, supported by simulations conducted with advanced numerical codes for:

  • the study of causes, of the evolution and dynamics of fires;
  • the analysis of exodus in emergency conditions (also taking into account the interaction of the building occupants with fire or the products of this);
  • verification of structures in terms of fire resistance;
  • the domino effect;
  • fire risk analysis.

These activities are conducted in accordance with the relevant regulations (e.g. Ministerial Decree 9 May 2007) and the national regulations in addition to the guidelines and international standards relating to Fire Safety Engineering (including ISO, BS, NFPA, SFPE, etc.) always using the most advanced numerical codes.

All simulation activities are carried out by Tecsa S.r.l. professional performance-oriented design experts and fire professionals included in the lists of the Ministry of the Interior (pursuant to Law 818).

For complex simulation activities TECSA S.r.l. has an official partnership with Reax Engineering – Berkeley CA (USA), a leading consulting firm founded by a number of leading academics in the international world of fire-fighting engineering and research and development related to combustion and fire. Further details can be found on the page related to international partnerships.

For the last two years Tecsa S.r.l. has been developing a certain area of expertise in the application of the future Consolidated Fire Prevention Law (also according to Italian D.M. 3 August 2015).

Tecsa S.r.l. also lectures on performance-oriented  fire engineering at the following institutions:

  • Association of Engineers of Milan;
  • The Order of Engineers of Turin
  • The Order of Architects of Turin;
  • The foundation order of engineers and architects of Milan;
  • The Polytechnic of Milan;
  • Turin Polytechnic;

In the context of teaching the following themes are usually developed:

  • fire risk analysis (Ministerial Decree 10 March 1998, Consolidated Law 81/2008);
  • international standards and regulations;
  • performance oriented fire engineering;
  • advanced numerical simulation (area automatic computational codes and CFD);
  • numerical simulation of exodus in emergency conditions in civil and industrial spheres as well as infrastructures such as ports, airports and railway stations;
  • the optimisation of costs associated with the planned actions within a fire project;
  • the definition of performance criteria, of fire-fighting goals for the purposes of identification of a fire-fighting strategy;
  • derogation procedure and “performance” fire project;
  • verification of structural fire resistance;
  • automatic numerical codes for finite element verification of structural fire resistance;
  • the fire safety management systems pursuant to Ministerial Decree May 2007. TECSA S.r.l. specialises in the analysis of fire safety related to  critical structures and infrastructures  upon which it also performs targeted fire prevention audits, in order to achieve a superior level of fire safety, for compliance with internationally recognised  technical regulations and standards (e.g. NFPA 130 relating to fire safety of railway stations) and also  for insurance purposes.

TECSA S.r.l. has developed significant experience both in Italy and in Europe at ports, airports and railway stations (including the major passenger stations in Italy). Within the framework of evaluation and fire safety design work, specific methods and tools are used which are appropriate to the type of infrastructure; for example for complex infrastructures for the purpose of assessing the degree of safety of the emergency exodus system, specialised codes  are used to manage information associated with large volumes of passengers (“mass-motion”). The “mass-motion” model not only assesses emergency exodus but also verifies the performance of buildings or complex of buildings normally constituting the transport infrastructures with respect to normal use cases (e.g. to check waiting times at ticket offices, to assess the impact of the arrival of several trains or aircraft, etc.) in order to check specific stress conditions.